Synopsis On Automatic Drain Cleaner 9888708401

  1. Complete project cost Rs 12k + transportation charges
  2. Project Report

On

Automatic Drain Cleaner

Introduction:

Cleaning of drains/gutters has always been a problem. Labors cleaning gutters & drain seems unethical and also leads to a high risk of them catching infections or poisoning due to large amounts of waste/chemicals in them. Also throwing of bottles/plastics and other such objects into the gutters lead to narrowing and eventually blockage in gutter flow. This leads to overflow in many cases. So here we provide a fully automated drain gutter cleaning mechanism to tackle these modern day gutter jamming issues. Our system uses an automated gutter/drain cleaning system that lets fluids flow through it but catches large solid waste like bottles & plastic and accumulates it. So gutter cleaners need to just clean these gutter cleaning systems installed at points instead of cleaning entire gutter floors. Our system consists of metal teeth based jaws that wait at the bottom of the mechanism. It is mounted in a frame to hold the system upright in the gutter. The vertical frame bed is used to let liquid flow but catch all solid waste. The mechanism consists of a filter basket on top of it. After particular time intervals the jaw lifts up using a motorized shaft which is connected using a chain to the jaws. It then reaches the top and turns upside down to dump the solid waste. Now after dumping the waste, the motor rotates again to bring the jaw again to the bottom position to collect more waste. The system is a very efficient way to cleaning gutters & drains and also requires very low power since it will only rotate once or twice a day to dump the solid waste

Waste water is defined as the flow of used water from homes, businesses, industries, commercial activities and institutions which are subjected to the treatment plants by a carefully designed and engineered network of pipes. There are large no.of machines used for removing out the wastes from drains.

Material Required:

  • Sprocket Gears

  • Welding Set

  • Cutters

  • grinding wheels

  • Angle 1.5 inch 3 mm 20 feet

  • Chain with special hole ¾ inch pitch

  • Sheet metal

  • Wire 3 mm 3 feet

  • Sheet 3 feet x 3 feet

  • DC Motor

  • Battery

drain cleaner9drain cleanerdrain cleaner 8

Working:

In this project we are using Dc motors to operate the project. Dc motors is being used to rotate sprocket gear which helps in moving the chain mechanism. The metal plates which are being used to clean the wastage materials are attached to the chain by using hooks. So when we give power supply to the DC

Motor through the 12 Volts battery it starts revolving. It helps in moving the sprocket gear as well as the chain mechanism. Hence with the movement of the chain our metal plates starts moving Up and Down. It starts collecting the wastage material on them and through them out to the garbage container which is attached with the metallic stand on the back side. For the blockage of the wastage material we are using a net which will block the wastage material at one pint. After that metal plates will collect the wastage material form the bottom of the structure and will through it out to the garbage cleaner.

ADVANTAGES

  1. Low cost
  2. Reliable
  3. Portable
  4. Flexible
  5. Easy to use- system is very easy to understand

Applications:

  • Used for cleaning the water in canals and rivers.

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. The project on which we are working, is working with very ease and efficient way. We are able to fetch out the wastage material from the water and be able to collect it in the garbage collector container.

Synopsis On Hydraulic Bridge

Synopsis 

on 

Hydraulic Bridge

INTRODUCTION

Hydraulic bridge is our major project . in this project we will move bridge using hydraulic pressure. Hydraulic actuators controlled energy to the punch. so the Operator needs to provide only modest effort regardless of conditions. Hydraulic Punching machine helps to make hole in Various size by changing tool. As well, Hydraulic Punch provides some feedback of forces acting on the Sheet and Hole can Made in Sheet metal.

Hydraulic Hole punching machine is reduce Effort To Operator. Operator Need Very Less amount of effort.

Hydraulic hole punching machine operated by compressed Air. Hydraulic clamp have Hydraulic Cylinder, 5/2 Flow control Hand Lever valve With a punch machine holes are punched in work pieces via a Hydraulic cylinder. The cylinder is equipped with two sensors 1S1 and 1S2 which report a 1 if the back or the front of the end state is reached and is controlled via a magnetic valve. The cylinder seems simple. Moving out of position is effected via compressed air as soon as 1Y1 is activated, moving into position is effected via spring force.

The punch system is activated via two push-buttons, S1 and S2. In order to avoid accidents during the production both buttons have to be activated to run the punch machine.

A control has to be installed which ensures that both buttons are activated before the cylinder punches a hole into the work piece. In addition, safety measures have to be taken so that no manipulation is possible, for example, the push-button is glued. That means that the punch must only be operated when the two buttons are actually pressed anew.

The following tasks result from this exercise:

Creation of an assignment table with inputs and outputs

Creation of the project in Step7

Creation of symbol table in Step7

Creation of the program

Checking with PLCSIM

Solution approaches: In order to put this control into practice an Edge evaluation is necessary in any case. This is the only way that the running of the punch machine is guaranteed when the buttons are pressed (signal 0 -> 1). The output 1Y1 has to be controlled with memory units as otherwise the cylinder has to “save” its state after the two buttons have been pressed, before the front end state resets the saved state.

mechanical project ludhiana www.mechanicalproject.co.in

WORKING PRINCIPLE

Hydraulic Cylinder.

Compressor.

Solenoid control valve

Die(male, female)clamp

The main objective of our project presentation topics is to designing and developing a very compact, punch making machine. Initially the switch unit operates the compressor which delivers the air to the solenoid valve at certain pressure. The solenoid controls the flow direction of air to the Hydraulic cylinder. Thus the reciprocating motion of the Hydraulic cylinder creates high force to punch the work piece. This part consists of two parts one is fixed called upper die, at the base and other is fixed called lower die at the end of piston rod. This part is moved up and down to provide the force on the object.

Here in this project presentation topics we used for carrying the objects from one side to another side the object when it comes, if it detects the object means it will out puts a low pulse to the controller. Hydraulic is act as punching equipment. We can connect seal or cup cast with the Hydraulic for cup production. Different seals and casts are used for punching the different shapes. When control unit detects the low pulse from then that will ON the Hydraulic for Punch. After a second the controller will OFF the Hydraulic. After getting the punch from the Hydraulic spiral punch making.

ADVANTAGES

  • It reduces the manual work

  • It reduces the production time

  • Uniform application of the load gives perfect removing of the bearing.

  • Damages to the bearing due to the hammering is prevented

  • It occupies less floor space

  • Less skilled operator is sufficient

LIMITATIONS

  • Initial cost is high

  • Cylinder stroke length is constant

  • Need a separate compressor

APPLICATIONS

  • Pressing Operation in all industries

  • Paper punching industries

  • Leather washer operation in all industries

  • Punching operation also done

Synopsis On Pneumatic Sheet Cutter

 

 Synopsis 

on 

Pneumatic Sheet cutter

INTRODUCTION:

We are using scissors fro simple sheet metal cutting. It is a manual method so that sheet metals are to be wasted sometime because of mistakes happened such as wring dimensions and also even as simple cutting may take long time. Hydraulic machines are also available for sheet metal cutting. But this method is used only for heavy metal cutting and its cost is very high. We are using a pneumatic system for sheet metal cutting in a easy way. It is operated by a pneumatic hand lever of two way control valve. Control valve is operated by a compressor.

Pneumatic Technology:

Pneumatic is a branch of engineering that makes use of gas or pressurized air. Pneumatic systems used extensively in industry are commonly powered by compressed air or compressed inert gases. A centrally located and electrically powered compressor powers cylinders, air motors, and other pneumatic devices. A pneumatic system controlled through manual or automatic solenoid valves is selected when it provides a lower cost, more flexible, or safer alternative to electric motors and actuators.Pneumatic also has applications in dentistry, construction, mining, and other areas.

MAJOR COMPONETS:

  • Pneumatic Cylinder

  • Solenoid Valve

  • Air compressor

  • Steel Blade

  • Metallic Stand

 

DSC_0654-300x300

Advantages:

  • LOW COST

  • LESS CONSUMPTION OF TIME

  • EASY TO HANDLE

  • SKILLED LABOR IS NOT REQUIRED

  • LESS MAINTENANCE

  • HIGH ACCURACY

  • GOOD SURFACE FINISH

  • LESS FLOOR SPACE

APPLICATIONS:

SHEET METALS are used in various places some of them are given below:

  • CAR BODIES

  • AIRPLANE WINGS

  • MEDICAL TABLES

  • ROOFS FOR BUILDINGS AND MANY OTHER THINGS

  • SHEET METAL OF IRON AND OTHER MATERIAL WITH HIGH PERMEABILITY ALSO KNOWN AS LAMINATED STEEL CORES, AHS APPLICATION IN TRANSFORMERS AND ELECTRIC MACHIES.

Conclusion;

Now we know the pneumatic sheet cutting machine is very cheap as compared to hydraulic machine. The range of the cutting thickness can be increased by arranging a high pressure compressor and installing more hardened blades. This machine is advantageous to small sheet metal cutting industries as they can not afford the expensive hydraulic cutting machine.

Future Scope:

  • It can be made hydraulic power operated by installing the gear oil pump at the place of air compressor and pneumatic cylinder arrangement.

  • It can be made rack and pinion operated or spring and lever operated.

  • The place where there is a scarcity of the electricity the electric motor operate compressor is replaced by an IC ENGINE installed compressor.

Thus in future there are so many modifications, which we can make to survive the huge global world of competition.

Synopsis on Scissor Load Lifter

Synopsis 

on 

Scissor Load Lifter

Introduction:

A scissor Load lifter is used to raise, lower, stack, convey and transfer material between two or more elevations. Lift tables can incorporate rotating platforms, tilt platforms, conveyors as part of their design. The project we are working upon is basically a scissor load lifter which is driven by mechanical terms. Mechanical actuation uses screw, spiral, gear, chain or lever systems to raise or lower the lift.

These lifts are suited for precise control applications where positioning at specific elevation is required or where the lift must maintain a specific elevation for an extended period of time.

Movable Scissor load Lifter:

We are making a movable scissor load lifter so that it can serve more than one workstation. This movable load lifter is manually based lifter. It is basically used to transport a load from one location to another.

A scissor lift is a type of platform which moves in vertical direction. The mechanism incorporated to achieve this function is the use of linked, folding supports in a criss-cross ‘X’ pattern, known as a pantograph. The upward motion is achieved by the application of pressure to the outside of the lowest set of supports, elongating the crossing pattern, and propelling the work platform vertically upwards. The platform may also have an extending ‘bridge’ to allow closer access to the work area (because of the inherent limits of only vertical movement). The operation of the scissor action can be obtained by mechanical means (via a lead screw or rack and pinion system).

Components Required:

  • Metal Strips

  • Bearings

  • rack and pinion gears

  • Nut bolts

  • Screws

  • Channels

  • Metal plates

load lift3

Working:

We are operating the scissor load lifter manually by using rack and pinion gears and handles. The upper plates and lower plates are connected through metal strips arranged in a scissor mechanical design. Rack and pinion gears are attached with the upper plate and also with the nut bolts. When we tighten the screw manually by using rack and pinion gears by applying mechanical pressure on the handle. The scissor load lifter gets collapse and we loose the screw by applying force on the handle Anti clock wise it gets open and finally it lifts the load which is placed on the scissor load lifter up. There are Two conditions for moving up the scissor lift and moving Down the scissor lift.

  • When we move the handle Clock wise

When we move the handle in clock wise direction the Scissor strips gets Collapse as we are using channels for this purpose. It gets goes down in this procedure.

  • When we move the handle in ANTI Clock wise

When we move the handle in Anti-clock wise the scissor strips gets open via channels. This time the scissor load lifter goes up and we can lift the weight which we have placed on it.

ADVANTAGES

  1. Money saving

  2. Time Saving

  3. Efficiency increasing

  4. More output in less time

application

Base on the application of the device, I would say that it is very useful for small industrial, and in hospitals as a patient lifting bed.

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. In future we can modify this scissor load lifter by using Hydraulic and Pneumatic cylinders. We can operate the whole function automatically with these cylinders. The project on which we are working is working with very ease and efficient way.

SYNOPSIS ON Rotating Inventory store

SYNOPSIS
ON

Rotating Inventory store

Objective and Methodology used:

Inventory store system which Occupies Less Space and with Security.

Introduction and Working. Methodology behind the project is sprocket gear used to move inventory material boxes platform up and Down

Introduction and Working Of Project

In this project we will make rotating Inventory material storage system. In this project there will be multiple place of for inventory material to be placed on chain system . Our purpose is to place multiple inventory material which are being used in by the customer very often in small space and make inventory storage system reliable and secure.

We will use few sensors for Inventory storage materials slots identifications. There will be keyboard to enter the number of platform come down on Ground floor. We will gave 1, 2 3 numeric names to different floors. When any body enters particular no. key , only then related to that number , particular platform will come down.

Components used:

  • Sprocket Gears

  • Welding Set

  • Cutters

  • grinding wheels

  • Angle 1.5 inch 3 mm 20 feet

  • Chain with special hole ¾ inch pitch

  • Sheet metal

  • Wire 3 mm 3 feet

  • Sheet 3 feet x 3 feet

  • Working:

    The inventory material slots are connected with keyboard buttons with some additional circuitry. We are using sensors over here which will detect the particular material store slot and after that with the help of dc motor the required inventory material slot will come down. Dc motor is attached with sprocket gears and chain mechanism. So whenever we will supply voltage to the dc motor it will starts rotating, so the inventory material slots. The particular button which is being pressed for the required inventory slot will come down.We can fetch out the required material from it.

    Component Description

    DC MOTOR.

    Here in this project we use slow speed dc motor with gear box to reduce the speed of the platform. This type of gear motor is getting from the second hand machine. Supply voltage of this dc motor is 6 to 9 volt dc. As we vary the voltage speed is also vary. Current consumption of dc motor is 200 ma. It is also possible to use a stepper motor. If we use stepper motor then we require a high current supply. Normal stepper motor require a minimum 1 A power supply.

    A sprocket or sprocket-wheel

    It is a profiled wheel with teeth, cogs,or even sprockets[4] that mesh with a chain, track or other perforated or indented material. The name ‘sprocket’ applies generally to any wheel upon which radial projections engage a chain passing over it. It is distinguished from a gear in that sprockets are never meshed together directly, and differs from a pulley in that sprockets have teeth and pulleys are smooth.

    Sprockets are used in bicycles, motorcycles, cars, tracked vehicles, and other machinery either to transmit rotary motion between two shafts where gears are unsuitable or to impart linear motion to a track, tape etc. Perhaps the most common form of sprocket may be found in the bicycle, in which the pedal shaft carries a large sprocket-wheel, which drives a chain, which, in turn, drives a small sprocket on the axle of the rear wheel . Early automobiles were also largely driven by sprocket and chain mechanism, a practice largely copied from bicycles.

    Sprockets are of various designs, a maximum of efficiency being claimed for each by its originator. Sprockets typically do not have a flange. Some sprockets used with timing belts have flanges to keep the timing belt centered. Sprockets and chains are also used for power transmission from one shaft to another where slippage is not admissible, sprocket chains being used instead of belts or ropes and sprocket-wheels instead of pulleys. They can be run at high speed and some forms of chain are so constructed as to be noiseless even at high speed.

    Inventory material storage slots:

    It is made up of metal. We are making square slots for keeping the inventory material in these slots. Which will rotate up and down. When ever we require the particular material we will press the button for the same slots and it will come down. Now we can fetch the required material from that particular store. In next turn we will press the button for another material and the concerned material slot will come down. And we can take the required material from it as well.

    Applications:

    1. For automation in industry carrying raw material like machines, machines parts, inventory material.

    2. In building material industry for carrying cement etc.

    3. For lift purpose

    4. For automatic car parking as well

    ADVANTAGES

    • Low cost

    • Reliable

    • Portable

    • Flexible

    • Easy to use- system is very easy to understand

    • Secured system like wallet Parking

SYNOPSIS ON SMART DUSTBIN

SYNOPSIS

ON

SMART DUSTBIN

Introduction:

In the recent decades, Urbanization has increased tremendously. At the same phase there is an increase in waste production. Waste management has been a crucial issue to be considered. This paper is a way to achieve this good cause. In this paper, smart bin is built on a microcontroller with metal detector, dc motor and Ultrasonic sensor. Ultrasonic sensor is placed at the top of the dustbin which will measure the stature of the dustbin. The threshold stature is set as 10cm. Project will be programmed in such a way that when the dustbin is being filled, the remaining height from the threshold height will be displayed. Once the garbage reaches the threshold level ultrasonic sensor will trigger the GSM modem which will continuously alert the required authority until the garbage in the dustbin is squashed. Once the dustbin is squashed, people can reuse the dustbin. At regular intervals dustbin will be squashed. Once these smart bins are implemented on a large scale, by replacing our traditional bins present today, waste can be managed efficiently as it avoids unnecessary lumping of wastes on roadside.Foul smell from these rotten wastes that remain untreated for a long time, due to negligence of authorities and carelessness of public may lead to long term problems. Breeding of insects and mosquitoes can create nuisance around promoting unclean environment. This may even cause dreadful diseases.

Though the world is in a stage of up gradation, there is yet another problem [1] that has to be dealt with. Garbage! Pictures of garbage bins being overfull and the garbage being spilled out from the bins can be seen all around. This leads to various diseases as large number of insects and mosquitoes breed on it. A big challenge in the urban cities is solid waste management. Hence, smart dustbin is a system which can eradicate this problem or at least reduce it to the minimum level. Our present Prime Minister of India, Sri Narendra Modiji has introduced the concept of implementing 100 smart cities in India. “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” was initiated to ensure a clean environment.

MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE PROJECT:

Pneumatic Cylinder

Solenoid valve

metallic dustbin

Power Supply Circuit

DC motor

Relay Circuit

Air Compressor

IR sensor

Buzzer

Metal detector circuit

Glass for compressing process

Working:

In this project, We are using 2 Pairs of Ir sensors which indicates two levels of the Dustbin. One of the level indicates that the waste material has been reached up to a certain level, after getting signal from this Ir sensor pair , the waste material is being compressed by a compressor which is attached with pneumatic cylinder. The other one is used for Indicating that the Dustbin is full waste material should be extracted Out RIGHT NOW. Ir Sensor sense the waste material and gives an output signal to the system drivers. After getting the signals from IR sensors, The attached circuitry perform their tasks of automatic compressing the waste material in dustbin and when the dustbin is full it automatically extracts the waste material out from it,

Advantages:

The invention as described in the drawing find applications in the following area:

a. Government-powered cities

b. Home

c. Offices

d. Industries, factories

e. hospitals

Synopsis on Head Light STEERING

Project Synopsis

on

Head Light STEERING 

INTRODUCTION

in this project we moved headlight using steering and gears. We used different mechanism from normally used. This mechanism is used because of low cost solutions. We used bearing based steering . When we move steering it rotate gear . Gear moves rack assembly.

We used 1feet length gear 12dp 1/2 nch x 1.2 inch mean teeth 12dp,face 0.5 inch ,width 0.5 inch . After that we attached rack with gears

Components:-

6mm Iron strip 12*12 Inch 2

6mm Iron strip 6*30” 1

Ply Board 12mm

Sweeing machine 220 V 1

Crown pinion 1

Center bearing 1

1’’ L-shap iron strip 16 fit

Gears

Hex-saw Blade 1

Drilling Bit Holder 1

Bush 2

5 fit, 1” pipe 1

Working

We rotate a motor with 220 Volt. This rotation is transmitted to the machining head by a shaft and the required operation is carried out. First of all we rotate pinion. This pinion is mechanically attached with crown and a round plate. Crown is directly connected with a drill bit holder and round Plate changes the rotation energy into horizontal movement with required mechanism. With this shaft one side a hex-saw is attached and other side a shaper is attached. At end of shaft we can connect more tools.

headlight-steering-movement

ADVANTAGES

  1. Money saving

  2. Time Saving

  3. Efficiency increasing

  4. More output in less time

 

application

Base on the application of the device, I would say that it is very useful for small industrials, Carpenters,

Synopsis On Pneumatic based can crusher

Synopsis

On

 Pneumatic based can crusher

INTRODUCTION

In a continuously develop world, many things kept coming out as if there is nothing impossible anymore for something to exist. This may be part of how and why people manage to adapt to their new lifestyle. Taking a lifestyle as reason how people manage their waste disposal where right now we are directing my focus on how to reduce volume of
waste disposal occupied by cans usually aluminum cans, one of the suitable solutions to minimize the size of the can is by using the pneumatic can crusher.
Apparatus for crushing cans or the like comprises a conveyor formed from a plurality of endless chains cooperating with a fixed inclined crushing plate converging toward the discharge end of the conveyor. The crushing plate includes an actuator strip-like member hinged to the plate which when depressed engages an electrical switch to operate a drive mechanism for the conveyor. A can deposited into the apparatus depresses the actuator which operates the electrical switch to start the drive mechanism. The can is gripped by the chain conveyor and pulled downward between the conveyor and crushing plate flattening the can. When the flattened can exits the crushing apparatus the actuator is released stopping the drive mechanism. A support housing for the apparatus is provided with an opening for receiving cans which is spaced a distance from the crushing plate and conveyor to reduce the risk of injury.
Why is it important to crush a can?

When we drink beverage that we desire the most and finish drinking it till the last drop, surely that beverage can will be disposed into a garbage container. Now imagine that the can thrown into garbage and filled the garbage until it is full. The question is how do we reduce the space occupied by only cans? Of course by crushing them but do you consider crushing each can continuously by stomping it. These actions may somehow cause injuries to ankle more or less affecting your lifestyle. Therefore a device called pneumatic can crusher would help to settle those
entire uncrushed can effortless. Other than avoiding injuries, this device would contribute on good recycling habit where a person will be having fun crushing cans before they throw it away in garbage container.

 

Components:-

Pneumatic Pump 12’’ 1

Distributor Single way 1

6mm Iron strip 12*12 Inch 2

6mm Iron strip 6*30” 1

Ply Board 12mm

Relay 12 Volt 2

Transistor BC 547 4

Transistor BC 557 4

Resistor 1K ohm 8

1000uF Capacitor 1

470uF 1

7805 1

Diode 4007 4

Transformer 12-0-12 1

Read Sensor 2

WORKING

Pneumatic can crushers are powered by air pressure. This device is fitted with a pneumatic cylinder (pressurized tank) that pumps air with a tremendous force to set the crushing device into motion, which then falls onto the can. You have to just place the device in a chamber that is fitted with the crushing device. The chamber is completely enclosed for safe operation. Once the tool starts, you will get the desired result in seconds. Some models of pneumatic can crushers are designed to crush empty tins of around 10 liter in capacity. It can effortlessly reduce the volume of the tin to approximately 1/6th of its original size. The force of compressed air pushes a ram onto the tin and crushes it within 30 seconds.

A pneumatic can crusher is constructed from sturdy material and can easily crush 12 or 16 oz cans. These can crushers are robustly engineered to deliver a power-packed performance for years to come. You can find these devices at your nearest hardware store. You can always search the Web as there are a number of online shops that keep a variety of pneumatic can crushers to meet individual needs.

Mechanical Design

Untitled

application

Base on the application of the device, I would say that it is very useful for small industrials, restaurants, bars and someone who likes to drink a lot and thinking of the important of more spaces that they would make if all cans were crushed before thrown away.

box shifting projects mechanical projects ludhiana jalandhar chandigarh patiala bathinda

Synopsis 

ON

Box Shifting Machinde

INTRODUCTION

Box shifting is our major project.
This device is operated by Motor. We are controlling this machine with ac motor . we know in these days time & Money is very important. In production centers there are more need of above works. So if we take all machine for all work then a large investment is required to purchased them and obviously space also required. So to keep this in mind we made this project. We can do all works in one machine. Hence we can save space and money as well as time also.

Components:-

6mm Iron strip 12*12 Inch 2

6mm Iron strip 6*30” 1

Ply Board 12mm

Sewing machine 220 V 1

Crown pinion 1

Center bearing 1

1’’ L-shap iron strip 16 fit

Pully 2” 1

Pully 7” 1

Bush 2

5 fit, 1” pipe 1

Working

We rotate a motor with 220 Volt. This rotation is transmitted to the machining head by a shaft and the required operation is carried out. First of all we rotate pinion. This pinion is mechanically attached with crown and a round plate. Crown is directly connected with a drill bit holder and round Plate changes the rotation energy into horizontal movement with required mechanism. With this shaft one side a hex-saw is attached and other side a shaper is attached. At end of shaft we can connect more tools.

conveyor for box transmission using cam

ADVANTAGES

  1. Money saving

  2. Time Saving

  3. Efficiency increasing

  4. More output in less time

application

Base on the application of the device, I would say that it is very useful for small industrials, Carpenters,

 

MECHANICAL PROJECT LIST

Synopsis on solar grass cutter

Synopsis

On

Solar Grass Cutting Machine

Introduction and Working:

Grass Cutting project is our major project. We will operate this machine using solar panel. We found tough to get idea from Internet because its tough to get combined material to make mechanical design.

There are two ways to cut grass – one radial and another is axial. Normally grass cutter machines are axial type. We will cut grass with radial method.

We will use HSS – High speed steel or CS- carbon steel for cutting grass.

We will use high torque PM -permanent magnet type motor for driving blades. Blade will be welded or we will use nut bolt assembly.

Which will help to charge battery. First of all solar panel will give AC output. So ac will be converted in to DC using bridge and filters. Out put of supply will ve given to battery charging circuit.

An uninterruptible power supply, also uninterruptible power source, UPS or battery/flywheel backup, is an electrical apparatus that provides emergency power to a load when the input power source, typically the utility mains, fails. A UPS differs from an auxiliary or emergency power system or standby generator in that it will provide instantaneous or near-instantaneous protection from input power interruptions by means of one or more attached batteries and associated electronic circuitry for low power users, and or by means of diesel generators and flywheels for high power users. The on-battery runtime of most uninterruptible power sources is relatively short—5–15 minutes being typical for smaller units—but sufficient to allow time to bring an auxiliary power source on line, or to properly shut down the protected equipment.

While not limited to protecting any particular type of equipment, a UPS is typically used to protect computers, data centers, telecommunication equipment or other electrical equipment where an unexpected power disruption could cause injuries, fatalities, serious business disruption and/or data loss. UPS units range in size from units designed to protect a single computer without a video monitor (around 200 VA rating) to large units powering entire data centers, buildings, or even cities

The primary role of any UPS is to provide short-term power when the input power source fails. However, most UPS units are also capable in varying degrees of correcting common utility power problems:

Power failure: defined as a total loss of input voltage.

Surge: defined as a momentary or sustained increase in the mains voltage.

Sag: defined as a momentary or sustained reduction in input voltage.

Spikes, defined as a brief high voltage excursion.

Noise, defined as a high frequency transient or oscillation, usually injected into the line by nearby equipment.

Frequency instability: defined as temporary changes in the mains frequency.

Harmonic distortion: defined as a departure from the ideal sinusoidal waveform expected on the line.

UPS units are divided into categories based on which of the above problems they address[dubious – discuss], and some manufacturers categorize their products in accordance with the number of power related problems they address.

In this project we will use Pic controller to controller to control the whole function.

We will use indicator for Low voltage , Current usage.

Battery Low indication.

Switching circuit for battery and power supply.

Material Required:

  • Solar Panel
  • Charging Circuit
  • Battery
  • Grass Cutter
  • Mechanical Stand
  • Dc Motor
  • Switch
  • Handle

Over view of the Project:

solar grass cutter

ADVANTAGES

  • Low cost
  • Reliable
  • Portable
  • Flexible due to microcntroller
  • Easy to use- system is very easy to understand

Features-

  • Autoswitching
  • Power mode and Battery mode indication

Synopsis On Abrasive Wear Testing Machine

  1. Synopsis

   On

Abrasive Wear Testing Machine

Introduction:

In this project we are using abrasive material for smoothing a job so that we could be able to check the abrasive wear of the particular material. We are using 1HP AC motor which is being used to drive the Grinder. We are using a funnel to pour the abrasive material on the job. A weight lifter is being used to adjust the Job near the grinder. In this attachment a weight lifter and a spring is attached in such arrangement so that we could be able to adjust the position of the Job.

Definition of Wear:

Wear is related to interactions between surfaces and specifically the removal and deformation of material on a surface as a result of mechanical action of the opposite surface. In materials science, wear is erosion or sideways displacement of material from its “derivative” and original position on a solid surface performed by the action of another surface. Wear of metals occurs by the plastic displacement of surface and near-surface material and by the detachment of particles that form wear debris. The size of the generated particles may vary from millimeter range down to an ion range. This process may occur by contact with other metals, nonmetallic solids, flowing liquids, or solid particles or liquid droplets entrained in flowing gasses. Wear can also be defined as a process where interaction between two surfaces or bounding faces of solids within the working environment results in dimensional loss of one solid, with or without any actual decoupling and loss of material. Aspects of the working environment which affect wear include loads and features such as unidirectional sliding, reciprocating, rolling, and impact loads, speed, temperature, but also different types of counter-bodies such as solid, liquid or gas and type of contact ranging between single phase or multiphase, in which the last multiphase may combine liquid with solid particles and gas bubbles.

About Abrasive wear

Abrasive wear occurs when a hard rough surface slides across a softer surface. ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and Materials) defines it as the loss of material due to hard particles or hard protuberances that are forced against and move along a solid surface.

Abrasive wear is commonly classified according to the type of contact and the contact environment. The type of contact determines the mode of abrasive wear. The two modes of abrasive wear are known as two-body and three-body abrasive wear. Two-body wear occurs when the grits or hard particles remove material from the opposite surface. The common analogy is that of material being removed or displaced by a cutting or plowing operation. Three-body wear occurs when the particles are not constrained, and are free to roll and slide down a surface. The contact environment determines whether the wear is classified as open or closed. An open contact environment occurs when the surfaces are sufficiently displaced to be independent of one another Deep ‘groove’ like surface indicates abrasive wear over cast iron (yellow arrow indicate sliding direction)

There are a number of factors which influence abrasive wear and hence the manner of material removal. Several different mechanisms have been proposed to describe the manner in which the material is removed.

Material Required:

  • Metallic Stand

  • AC MOTOR (1 hp)

  • Grinder

  • Funnel

  • Spring

  • Weight lifter

  • JOB holder

  • Abrasive material

  • Job for grinding purpose

Working:

When we give ac supply to the ac motor it starts the grinding machine to rotate at a particular speed which is desired for grinding purpose. The job which is supposed to be tested for abrasive wearing is clamped In the job holder. We can adjust the position by putting weight on the weight lifter mechanism attached with the Job holder. Abrasive material is coming down from the funnel on the Job. Hence the job is being grind in a smooth way.

Block Diagram:

abrasive

Application:

It can be used for testing the abrasive wear of the material.

It can be used for grinding and smoothing purpose.

Advantages:

Low cost

portable device

Easy maintenance

User friendly

Conclusion:

After all the testing we are successful in taking out the expected results of the project. It is working fine and in a smooth way. We can do modifications in the future so that we could be able to find out the wear resistance and the hardness of the material as well.

Synopsis on Spring stiffness Testing Hydraulic based

Synopsis

On

Spring stiffness Testing Hydraulic based

Abstract:

Springs isolate the driver from road imperfections by allowing the Tyre to move over a bump without drastically disturbing the chassis. If the chassis remains fairly steady then the Tyre are better able to follow road contours automatically. While springs do an excellent job of smoothing over bumps, they will keep bouncing once started. In other words, the chassis continues swaying and the Tyre keep hopping long after the vehicle strikes a bump. Left uncontrolled, springs give an uncomfortable ride with very poor Tyre to road contact. To control this undesirable behavior, a shock absorber keeps the spring from over reacting to every bump or dips and not only prevents but also balances excess movement of the Tyre and chassis. Springs are durable items and are easily inspected. If the ride height of a vehicle has decreased excessively or a coil/leaf has broken it is advisable to replace the springs in axle sets. Consumers often change springs to alter their vehicle’s ride and handling characteristics. Spring problems are generally easy to identify.

Introduction:

An engineer is always focused towards challenges of bringing ideas and concepts to life. Therefore, sophisticated machines and modern techniques have to be constantly developed and implemented for economical manufacturing of products. At the same time, quality and accuracy factor is considered. A spring is defined as an elastic machine element, which deflect under the action off the load and returns to its original shape when the load is removed. Stiffness and spring index are the main parameters of spring design. Spring stiffness is the force per unit deflection. These parameters are considered for defining the spring. In designing and developing the spring testing machine, these parameter is considered. Hydraulic principle considered while designing and developing the stiffness machine.

Many companies manufacture valves and they required the springs for installing in their products

(hydraulic valves). Depending upon the valve size there is variations in sizes and shapes of springs, hence company are facing problem of checking stiffness of spring. Understanding the Industry problems, we have designed and developed a hydraulic spring stiffness testing machine. 

Block Diagram:

spring

Application of hydraulic spring stiffness testing machine:

  • The machine is used for measuring spring stiffness for different spiral and helical springs.

  • Can be used in garages where frequent inspection of the suspension of various automobiles is carried out.

  • With the help of this machine it is possible to analyze when to replace the suspension by comparing the stiffness of the testing suspension with that of the standard stiffness.

CONCLUSION:

The spring stiffness testing machine is designed and developed by using hydraulic principle. It consist mainly large cylinder, small cylinder, deflection scale and bourdon tube gauge. On the spring stiffness testing machine we can test spring having diameter range of 40 mm to 70 mm. The results have been verified with the calibrated digital stiffness testing machine. This machine reduces the checking time and cost when compared with conventional machine.

Synopsis On Seed Planter

  1. Synopsis

On

     Seed Planter

Abstract

The basic requirements for small scale cropping machines are, they should be suitable for small farms, simple in design and technology and versatile for use in different farm operations. A manually operated template row planter was designed and developed to improve planting efficiency and reduce drudgery involved in manual planting method. Seed planting is also possible for different size of seed at variable depth and space between two seed. Also it increased seed planting, seed/fertilizer placement accuracies and it was made of durable and cheap material affordable for the small scale peasant farmers. The operating, adjusting and maintaining principles were made simple for effective handling by unskilled operators (farmers).

Introduction:

A planter is a farm implement, usually towed behind a tractor, that sows (plants) seeds in rows throughout a field. Planters lay the seeds down in precise manner along rows. Various machines meter out seeds for sowing in rows. The ones that handle larger seeds tend to be called planters, whereas the ones that handle smaller seeds tend to be called seed drills, grain drills, and seeders.

Under intensive cropping, timeliness of operations is one of the most important factors which can only be achieved if appropriate use of agricultural machines is advocated. Manual method of seed planting, results in low seed placement, spacing efficiencies and serious back ache for the farmer which limits the size of field that can be planted. To achieve the best performance from a seed planter, the above limits are to be optimized by proper design and selection of the components required on the machine to suit the needs of crops.

Seed Planter:

In a mechanical drive system the unit works by a small suspended tire being driven by another which is in contact with the ground (driven) tire. As the operator lowers the planter the two tires make contact and the planter is engaged. When the driven wheel begins to turn it then turns a series of gears that determine the population of the seed produced. The gears can be changed by the operator in order to change the planting population.

Purpose of seed planter machine:

The basic objective of sowing operation is to put the seed and fertilizer in rows at desired depth and seed to seed spacing, cover the seeds with soil and provide proper compaction over the seed. The recommended seed to seed spacing and depth of seed placement vary from crop to crop and for different ago-climate conditions to achieve optimum yields.

Working:

When power supply is given to the Dc motor through solar panel it starts rotating at a finite speed. It also tends the shafts and the gears to rotate at that finite speed as well. The another Dc motor motor which is connected with the transport wheels is for the moving purpose of the project. The furrow opener is attached with the shafts and the seed container. It is used to make furrow far making space for the seeds to plant. As the furrow opener digs the soil for making space for  the seeds, simultaneously seeds go down through the seeds container into the lane made by the furrow opener. The furrow opener is attached with the circuitry of the shafts and gears. It works according the movement of the gears and the shafts.

Block Diagram

seed planter

Material Required:

  • DC motor

  • Solar Panel

  • Charging Circuit

  • DC Battery

  • Gears

  • Transport Wheels

  • Furrow opener

  • Seed Box

  • Driller

    Advantages of machine :

    • Following are the advantages of manual seed planter machine are

    • Improvement in planting efficiency.

    • Increase in crop yield and cropping reliability.

    • Increase in cropping frequency.

    • It increased seed planting.

    • Seed/fertilizer placement accuracies.

    • It was made of durable and cheap material affordable for the small scale peasant farmers.

    • Lesser maintenance cost. The seed can be placed at any required depth.

    • The plant germination can be improved.

    • Requirement of labor also decreased. It consume less time for sowing.

    • Seed can be placed uniformly in a row with required distance between plants.

    • Provide proper compaction over the seed.

    Conclusions

    This manual seed planter machine has considerable potential to greatly increase productivity. Other countries of the world where the two wheel tractor is the main traction unit in farming. The main task now is to promote this technology and have available to farmers at an affordable price. The manual Seed Planter machine can be readily made from local components in workshops. The only specialized items required are the seed meters plunger which can be sourced at an inexpensive price from local promoter and plunger is easily manufactured. By using of this machine, achievement of flexibility of distance and depth variation for different seed plantation is possible.

Synopsis on Automatic Brake System

  1. Synopsis

     On

Automatic Brake System

Introduction

The main concern behind this project is basically safety of the human. We see many accidents happen in our daily to day life in industries. So we are just trying to give an Idea how we can add safety techniques in industry machines.

In this project we made pneumatic based Automatic braking system using original pneumatic system. We used 10 inch Cylinder for this purpose. To control air pressure we used valves. For air pressure source we used compressor. We are also using saw tooth cutter and Ir sensors in this project. Whenever Ir sensor will detect a human hand coming in front of the saw tooth cutter they will put a break to the Cutting machine immediately and the saw tooth will Go down.

Pneumatic technology:

Pneumatic is a section of technology that deals with the study and application of pressurized gas to produce mechanical motion.Pneumatic systems are used extensively in industry, and factories are commonly plumbed with compressed air or compressed inert gases. This is because a centrally located and electrically powered compressor that powers cylinders and other pneumatic devices through solenoid valves can often provide motive power in a cheaper, safer, more flexible, and more reliable way than a large number of electric motors and actuators,Pneumatic also has applications in dentistry, construction, mining, and other areas.

The project is divided into 2 major marts.

1. Mechanical Design

2. Sensor circuit

Mecahnical Design:

In mechanical design we are using saw tooth cutter, Pneumatic cylinder, Solenide Valve, Air compressor, metalic stand and IR sensor.

Sensor circuit:

In sensor circuit we are using Power supply circuit, Micro controller, Relay circuit and Socket.

Block Diagram

Automatic braking system

Material Required:

  • Saw Tooth cutter

  • Pneumatic cylinder

  • Solenoid valve

  • Metallic stand

  • Ir sensor

  • Power supply circuit

  • micro controller

  • Relay

  • Socket

Working:

In this project we are using sensor circuit for the safety purpose.Whenever the Ir sensor will detect any humen hand in the range of ir radiations it will detect it and give a signal to the microcontroller. As soon as the microcontroller gets an electrical signal from the IR sensor it will switch the relays in off condition. Hence it will automatic put a brake on the saw tooth cutter. The solenoid valve is also connected to the socket, so it will also get switched off through relay circuit and the and due to that the pneumatic cylinder as well as the saw tooth cutter which is attched to it will also go down.

Applications:

  • It can be used in industries for the safety purpose.

  • We can minimize the average of the accidents which are happening in our day to day life.

  • Very accurate and safe device to operate.

Advantage:

  • Easy to handle and easy to operate.

  • Less expensive.

  • Highly accurate.

Conclusion:

After all the efforts we are successful in delivering our idea of the project in working condition. We can add some modifications in this project in future to maker the operation in much more easy and smoothly way.

Synopsis on Automatic Cleaner

  1. Project Report

On

Automatic Cleaner

ABSTRACT:

In recent years, automatic cleaners have taken major attention in robotics research due to their effectiveness in assisting humans in floor cleaning applications at homes, hotels, restaurants, offices, hospitals, workshops, warehouses and universities etc. In this project we are trying make an automatic cleaner and drier which clean the floor surface and dry it by using a heat blower

Introduction:

In this project we are making an automatic cleaner which will clean the wet floor as well as dry it. We are using AC motor for rotating scrub pad through pulley and shaft arrangement. In this project we are also using heat blower so that we can dry the surface of the floor as well after cleaning it.

Material Required:

  • Metallic Stand

  • Tyre

  • Ac Motor

  • Heat blower

  • Shaft

  • Pulley

  • Bearings

  • Floor Cleaning Pad

 

Block Diagram:

Untitled

Working:

In this project when we give ac power supply to start the ac motor which further helps in moving the Pulley and the shaft attached to it. As the cleaning pad is attached with the shaft it starts rotating at the same speed the shafts is rotating, the scrub pad starts cleaning the floor. The heat blower is used to dry the wet floor which has been cleaned by the scrub pad. Hence we get a clean n smooth dry surface which has been automatically cleaned by using this automatic cleaner.

Advantages:

  • Portable Device

  • Low cost

  • Easy to operate

  • Faster operation as compared to other cleaning products

Applications:

  • It can be used as a cleaning device at AIRPORTS, BUS STANDS, RAILWAY STATIONS, because of its easy and handy operation.

  • It can be used by the patients which are suffering from Back pain issues.

Future Scope:

We can add Sensor circuits in this project so that it can automatically detect the surface which needs to be cleaned. So by adding external sensor circuitry we can make it an automatic robot cleaner which will be used for cleaning the surface automatically by sensing the objects.

Conclusion:

After the project execution we our successful in completing the task of the project which cleans the surface automatically. A cheaper and user friendly automatic cleaner is made by using mechanical techniques.