Automatic Hammering Machine

ABSTRACT:

In a continuously develop world, many things kept coming out as if there is nothing impossible anymore for something to exist. This may be part of how and why people manage to adapt to their new lifestyle. Taking a lifestyle as reason how people manage their work in less time. We know there day by day population is increased. So construction work is also increasing. When any construction area we make floor then firstly we fill there soil, pieces of stone, pieces of brick and to level this material we hammer that material. For this we use a heavy weight hammer. 

INTRODUCTION:

In this project we are using soil leveling tool for pressing the soil in a manner so that the level of the soil can be maintained equally. The major advantage of this project is that we are making an automatic hammer with the help of battery and CAM technology. By doing this we can save the human energy as well as we can save the time that humans spend on leveling the soil. We are using dc motor which will rotate the CAM and hence the hammer will move Up and down.

SOIL STABLIZATION:

The prime objective of soil stabilization is to improve on-site materials to create a solid and strong sub-base and base courses. In certain regions of the world, typically developing countries and now more frequently in developed countries, soil stabilization is being used to construct the entire road. Originally, soil stabilization was done by utilizing the binding properties of clay soils, cement-based products such as soil cement, and/or utilizing the “rammed earth” technique (soil compaction) and lime. Some of the renewable technologies are: enzymes, surfactants, bio polymers, synthetic polymers, co-polymer based products, cross-linking styrene acrylic polymers, tree resins, ionic stabilizers, fiber reinforcement, calcium chloride, calcite, sodium chloride, magnesium chloride and more. Some of these new stabilizing techniques create hydrophobic surfaces and mass that prevent road failure from water penetration or heavy frosts by inhibiting the ingress of water into the treated layer.However, recent technology has increased the number of traditional additives used for soil stabilization purposes. Such non-traditional stabilizers include: Polymer based products (e.g. cross-linking water-based styrene acrylic polymers that significantly improves the load-bearing capacity and tensile strength of treated soils), Co polymer Based Products, fiber reinforcement, calcium chloride, and Sodium Chloride. Traditionally and widely accepted types of soil stabilization techniques use products such as bitumen emulsions which can be used as a binding agents for producing a road base. However, bitumen is not environmentally friendly and becomes brittle when it dries out. Portland cement has been used as an alternative to soil stabilization. However, this can often be expensive and is not a very good “green” alternative. Cement fly ash, lime fly ash (separately, or with cement or lime), bitumen, tar, cement kiln dust (CKD), tree resin and ionic stabilizers are all commonly used stabilizing agents.There are advantages and disadvantages to many of these soil stabilizers Many of the “green” products have essentially the same formula as soap powders, merely lubricating and realigning the soil with no effective binding property. Many of the new approaches rely on large amounts of clay with its inherent binding properties. Bitumen,tar emulsions, asphalt, cement, lime can be used as a binding agents for producing a road base. When using such products issues such as safety, health and the environment must be considered. The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) has explored some of the newer types of soil stabilization technology, specifically looking for “effective and green” alternatives. One of the examples utilizes new soil stabilization technology, a process based on cross-linking styrene acrylic polymer. Another example uses long crystals to create a closed cell formation that is impermeable to water and is frost, acid, and salt resistant. Utilizing new soil stabilization technology, a process of cross-linking within the polymeric formulation can replace traditional road/house construction methods in an environmentally friendly and effective way. There is another soil stabilization method called the Deep Mixing method that is non-destructive and effective at improving load bearing capacity of weak or loose soil strata. This method uses a small, penny-sized injection probe and minimizes debris. This method is ideal for re-compaction and consolidation of weak soil strata, increasing and improving load bearing capacity under structures and the remediation of shallow and deep sinkhole problems. This is particular efficient when there is a need to support deficient public and private infrastructure.

COMPONENT LIST

  • DC BATTERY

  • DC MOTOR

  • CAM

  • HAMMER

  • SWITCH

  • METTALIC STAND

  • SHAFTS

  • SOLAR PANEL

WORKING PRINCIPLE:

We are using DC battery for the power supply purpose which will give supply to the dc motor which is being used in this project. The CAM is connected with the DC motor. We are using a switch which will turn on and off the DC motor. The Soil leveling tool is attached with the CAM through shaft. When the switch is “TURNED ON” it will give supply to the DC motor and DC motor will start rotating the CAM hence the hammer which is attached with the CAM through shafts will start moving UP and DOWN. It will level up the soil in a fine and smooth way.

ADVANTAGES

  • Efficiency increased

  • Time saving

  • Output fast

  • Manpower saving

DISADVANTAGES

More cots then simple Hammer Due to electronic circuit setting of project is difficult

APPLICATIONS

Base on the application of the device, I would say that it is very useful for small industrial, construction department and more