Tag Archives: automobile projects jalandhar

FABRICATION OF SOLAR OPERATED WOOD CUTTER

SYNOPSIS:-

This is the new innovative and effective concept mainly used for wood cutting field. It is simple in construction and the working process is very easy. And it is mostly used in the timber field for the cutting of wood, trees, wooden pieces and etc.., The project aims at designing a system which makes the Wood cutter based motor running through solar energy.

INTRODUCTION:-

Power plays a great role wherever man lives and works. The living standard and prosperity of a nation vary directly with the increase in the use of power. The electricity requirement of the world is increasing at an alarming rate due to industrial growth, increased and extensive use of electrical gadgets. According to world energy report, we get around 80% of our energy from conventional fossil fuels like oil (36%), natural gas (21%) and coal (23%). It is well known that the time is not so far when all these sources will be completely exhausted. So, alternative sources should be used to avoid energy crisis in the nearby future. The best alternative source is solar energy. A solar panel is a large flat rectangle, typically somewhere between the size of a radiator and the size of a door, made up of many individual solar energy collectors called solar cells covered with a protective sheet of glass. The cells, each of which is about the size of an adult’s palm, are usually octagonal and colored bluish black. Just like the cells in a battery, the cells in a solar panel are designed to generate electricity; but where a battery’s cells make electricity from chemicals, a solar panel’s cells generate power by capturing sunlight instead. They are sometimes called photovoltaic cells because they use sunlight (“photo” comes from the Greek word for light) to make electricity (the word “voltaic” is a reference to electricity pioneer Alessandro Volta). The system depending on the charging circuit the motor can be controlled. The solar power stores the energy to a battery and then runs the motor.

Multipurpose Machine drawings

Multipurpose machine drilling grinding cutting shaping

dsc0556401backbottomfrontleftright

 

 

dsc05563 dsc05564 dsc05565 dsc05566 dsc05567

Solar Based Reaper project mechanical engineering students jallandhar ludhiana phagwara

IMG-20160827-WA0002

Air Engine mechanical projects ludhiana ambala chandigarh jallandhar patiala bathinda phagwara

IMG-20160525-WA0003Air Engine

shocker based electricity generation using rack and pinion

DSC05672

Synopsis on speed brakers

Sysynopsis

on

speed brakers

Introduction:

Is anyone happy with the current situation of electricity in india? So this is our small step to try to improve this situation by our project. An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources. An energy crisis may be referred to as an oil crisis, petroleum crisis, energy shortage, electricity shortage electricity crisis. Some days before we had seen a torch which lights up when a mechanical force is applied on it by our hand. The basic principle what we noticed in this is conversion of mechanical energy to electrical energy. So our project is to generate electricity from the speed breakers by the applying the same principle. We are trying to use the mechanical stress which is applied on the speed breaker to the electric current. By this approach we can able to use unuseful mechanical stress for the useful purpose. And thus we can use this generated electricity to lights up villages near highway. “next time on the road, don’t scoff at the speed breakers. They could actually light up small villages off the highway

How the speed breaker are useful for thegeneration of ELECTRICITY?

Next time on the roads, don’t scoff at the speed-breakers. They could actually light up small villages off the highway.

An amateur innovator in Guwahati has developed a simple contraption that can generate power when a vehicle passes over a speed breaker. Kankan Gogol, a small time businessman, has developed a mechanism to generate power by converting the potential energy generated by a vehicle going up on a speed breaker into kinetic energy. The innovation has caught the eye of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati, which will fund a pilot project to generate electricity from speed-breakers.

The idea is basic physics. Gogol has welded five-metre-long metal plates into the speed-breaker instead of the conventional bitumen-and-stone-chip rumble strip. The plates are movable and inclined with the help of a spring-loaded hydraulic system. The fulcrum-attached plates are pushed down when a vehicle moves over them and bounce back to original position as it passes.

“When the vehicle moves over the inclined plates, it gains height resulting in increase in potential energy, which is wasted in a conventional rumble strip,” Gogol says. “When the plates come down, they crank a lever fitted to a ratchet-wheel type mechanism. This in turn rotates a geared shaft loaded with recoil springs. The output of this shaft is coupled to a dynamo to convert kinetic energy into electricity,” he explains.

IIt Guwahati has evaluated the machine and recommended it to the Assam ministry of power for large scale funding. A K Das, a professor at IIt’s design department says it is a ‘very viable proposition’ to harness thousands of mega watts of electricity untapped across the country every day.

“A vehicle weighing 1,000 kg going up a height of 10 cm on such a rumble strip produces approximately 0.98 kilowatt power. So one such speed-breaker on a busy highway, where about 100 vehicles pass every minute, about one kilo watt of electricity can be produced every single minute. The figure will be huge at the end of the day,” he said.

The Assam power ministry is expected to back the IIT pilot project.

Das says a storage module like an inverter will have to be fitted to each such rumble strip to store this electricity. The cost of electricity generation and storage per mega watt from speed-breakers will be nearly Rs 1 Crore as opposed to about Rs 8 Crore in thermal or hydro power stations

Material Required:

  • Angle frame
  • Connecting Wires
  • LED
  • 12 VOLTS battery
  • mild steel
  • welding arc
  • dynamo
  • pulley

Working:

When we apply brake, it produces some mechanical friction. We are using a dynamo over here to convert the mechanical energy into the electrical energy. So when ever we will apply some friction will be produced and the dynamo simultaneously will convert the energy into electrical. Further it will give electrical power to the led’s and the led’s will glow up.

APPLICATIONS:

We can use the speed braking system to produce electricity energy in trucks as well as bus system. We can also use this constructive electrical energy to recharge the battery as well. It can also be used to provide the power supply to the indicators so that if anyone is coming behind the vehicle will get an indication of the brake. It will help in reducing the accidental cases as well.

 

ADVANTAGES

Money saving

Time Saving

Efficiency increasing

More output in less time

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. The project on which we are working is working with very ease and efficient way.The speed barker is working in a right manner and it is producing energy when we put the brake some friction is produced by applying brake on it. A dynamo is being used to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. Dynamo delivers electrical energy hence it gives electrical output to the led. After getting the power supply from it the led’s glows up.

Merits of power GENERATION THROUGH speed breaker

At a very first glance, this project holds very less space to spread out it over the any road without encountering any problem of maintenance alike hydro power plant, steam power plant, etc. It’s taking very less floor area without getting the traffic obstructed on the road. On the other hand, it is even very suitable and convenient as simple energy conversion from very, not so complex, simple mechanism of cog wheels which are connected to motor assembly e.g. Crank-Shaft, Roller, and Rack- Pinion. But we are using Roller Mechanism.

Synopsis on pneumatic hammer

Synopsis 

on 

pneumatic hammer

A pneumatic hammer is more commonly referred to as a jackhammer or power hammer. They are of the same family and do roughly the same thing on differing scales. If you are driving through a big city then you have most likely seen them used by city workers as they break up a road for some reason unknown to you. A pneumatic hammer is typically connected to an air compressor that feeds into the device. Once you apply pressure to the triggers the blade begins to move at a very rapid RPM up and down through the shaft. This generates enough thrust to break apart most materials. The pneumatic hammer can be found in many sizes and speeds and some can have their maximum speed adjusted to your needs. The article that follows will go over several things that a pneumatic hammer is used for.

Road Construction

A pneumatic hammer is one of the main tools of workmen that are contracted the job of road repair. They often use the pneumatic hammer to chisel away the road to create an even surface in which to lay asphalt. They are also used to break through the road to the sewers below in order to create new manholes or access points. What many people do not realize is that roads are made from layers upon layers of asphalt, stone, concrete and other materials. This makes a road very difficult to break through without using a pneumatic hammer.

Rock Removal

When you are digging trenches for use as ponds, swimming pools or house foundations you may come into contact with a large boulder. Most rocks you come across are easily removed but some cannot even be removed by using a backhoe. These large boulders hinder projects often. A pneumatic hammer may be called in and used to chip away at the boulder. The pneumatic hammer will break off large chunks of the boulder that will manageable.

Concrete Walls

Concrete wall removal is difficult and made more so when enforced with steel. If you could knock it over it still will be impossible to move. The solution to this problem is to use the pneumatic hammer to break it into chunks that can be removed with a bulldozer or other such heavy machinery. A pneumatic hammer was used to break away the Berlin Wall. Using a pneumatic hammer for this particular problem requires one that is portable. You will also need to be able to be elevated in order to reach what has to be removed. Smaller pneumatic hammers are used to install concrete hardware without having the user exert any strength.

Building Construction and Demolition

Tools that are traditionally used to rip down a home or aspects of it include sledgehammers, axes, pry bar and other pieces of equipment. Large pneumatic hammers can be used to break apart the foundation of the building. This is also the case for walls. A small pneumatic hammer can be used to install large nails, bolt and the like through metal beams, duct and conduit.

Pneumatic Hammer Working

A pneumatic hammer, also known as air hammer or power hammer uses compressed air to carve or chip away at stone, metal and other materials. It is a tool generally used to shape or smooth a surface area, to dig holes or cut through a surface. An air hammer, which is a replacement for the traditional hammer and chisel, is a handy tool that is very valuable for its speed which at times may lack a bit of precision in the final result. Pneumatic hammers are generally attached by a tube or hose to a large tank that pumps up air and thus making the pistons move.

 

Material Required:

  • Pneumatic cylinder
  • solenoid valve
  • air compressor
  • hammer
  • shafts
  • metallic based
  • clamps

Applications:

Automatic hammer can be used in industries where metal sheets are being prepared. It will save the time and the cost of the man power and consumer less human energy. It is widely used in industries for producing the plain metal sheets mechanism.
ADVANTAGES

Money saving

Time Saving

Efficiency increasing

More output in less time

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. The project on which we are working is working with very ease and efficient way.The hammer is working in a right manner by hitting the objects accurately with pressure.

Synopsis on Multi-Nut opener

Synopsis 

on 

Multi-nut opener

Introduction:

A nut is a type of fastener with a threaded hole. Nuts are almost always used opposite a mating bolt to fasten a stack of parts together. The two partners are kept together by a combination of their threads’ friction, a slight stretch of the bolt, and compression of the parts. In applications where vibration or rotation may work a nut loose, various locking mechanisms may be employed: Adhesives, safety pins clockwise, nylon inserts, or slightly oval-shaped threads. The most common shape is hexagonal, for similar reasons as the bolt head – 6 sides give a good granularity of angles for a tool to approach from (good in tight spots), but more (and smaller) corners would be vulnerable to being rounded off. Other specialized shapes exist for certain needs, such as wing nuts for finger adjustment and captive nuts for inaccessible areas.
Nuts are graded with strength ratings compatible with their respective bolts; for example, an ISO property class 10 nut will be able to support the bolt proof strength load of an ISO property class 10.9 bolt without stripping. Likewise, an SAE class 5 nut can support the proof load of an SAE class 5 bolt, and so on.
A wide variety of nuts exists, from household hardware versions to specialized industry-specific designs that are engineered to meet various technical standards.

Material Required:

  • Dc motors
  • Angle frame
  • metallic structure
  • nut openers
  • Two way switches
  • wires
  • 12 volts dc battery

Working:

When give power supply to the dc motors by using 12 volts dc battery the dc motors start rotating in anti-clock directions so that we could be able to open the nuts with ease. The dc motors are attached with the angle frame. We have attached a nut opener structure with the Dc motors. Which is exactly of the same size of the nuts so that can open them in a right manner. So when the dc motors removes in anti-clock direction simultaneously nut opener also start moving in the same direction and start loosening the nuts and at the end the open the nuts in a fine way.

Applications:

Multi nut opener can be used to open ups the tyres of the cars, trucks and in many places. It will save the time and the cost of the man power and consumer less human energy. It is widely used in industries for nut opening mechanism.

ADVANTAGES

Money saving

Time Saving

Efficiency increasing

More output in less time

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. The project on which we are working is working with very ease and efficient way. We are able to open the multi nuts on the same time.

synopsis on continuous variable transmission

Synopsis

On 

Continuous Variable Transmission 

INTRODUCTION:

In continuously variable transmission (CVT) infinite number of effective gear ratios changes from maximum to minimum values. The difference between other mechanical transmissions and continuously variable transmission (CVT) is few different distinct gear ratios to be selected. Better fuel economy can be achieved by enabling the engine to run at most effective revolutions per minute in continuously variable transmission (CVT) than other mechanical transmission systems.

A continuously Variable transmission (CVT) is a transmission which can gradually shift to any effective gear ratios between a set upper and lower limit. The almost infinite variability of a CVT allows the engine to maintain a constant speed while the vehicle increases in velocity. This can result in better vehicle performance if the CVT is shifted such that the engine is held at the RPM that it runs most efficiently at and/or produces the most power. Because there are no steps between effective gear ratios, CV T’s operate smoothly with no sudden jerks commonly experienced in manual transmission. Since drivers expect a car to jerk or the engine sound to change as they press the accelerator pedal further, it is very confusing for them when the car smoothly accelerates without the engine revving faster. Drivers have unfortunately perceived this as the car lacking power which is causing a marketing problem for the transmissions
Mainly the CVT has primary and secondary clutches which are connected by belt in which the Primary clutch is connected to the Ac motor and Secondary Clutch connected to the gear box and the power is transmitted from Primary clutch to the Secondary clutch by belt.

Primary and Secondary clutches are made of pulley’s. To have the required performance of the vehicle the speed of the engine has to be reduced in the CVT, this variation in the speed reduction can be achieved by changing the contact diameters of the belt on pulleys. In normal pulleys the diameter cannot be changed so to have change in the contact diameter between belt and pulley, the pulley used are different from the conventional pulleys.

Material Required:

  • V-Belt Pulley’s

  • Ac motor

  • Bearings

  • Nut Bolts

  • Shafts

  • Belt

  • Metallic Stand

Working:

For power transmission instead of gears we are using Two pulley’s connected by a belt. We are using AC motors on one side to drive the primary section of the Project. Primary Section includes Pulley with bearings connected to AC motor. Ac motors turn on the Primary pulley. The other one is connected to the rest of transmission to the wheels. The magic of CVT is that the size of the pulleys can change from small to large, and infinite sizes in between. So to start off with, the AC motor’s pulley will be small and the other one large, In this case the speed at the Secondary side of the project will low. As the Diameter of the Primary is about 20 mm and the diameter of the Secondary is about 42 mm which is very large. So the speed will be low at the secondary side of the CVT. Once the we change the diameter of the primary pulley, As we start increasing the diameter and take make it up to extreme level suppose 42 mm. In this case the diameter the secondary reduces about 20 mm. Now the speed of the Secondary pulley increases. Hence it starts delivering high amount of power transmission and RPM( revolution per minute).

Applications:

Continuously variable transmissions (cvt) are praised for being able to deliver a smooth driving experience and improve fuel efficiency, with no fixed gear ratios. CVT is most suitable and easy way to transfer the power from one point to another. It is widely used in industries for power transmission.

ADVANTAGES

  1. Money saving

  2. Time Saving

  3. Efficiency increasing

  4. More output in less time

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. The project on which we are working is working with very ease and efficient way. We are able to transfer the variable power transmission from one mechanism to another.