Tag Archives: electrical projects bathinda

Synopsis On Automatic Drain Cleaner 9888708401

  1. Complete project cost Rs 12k + transportation charges
  2. Project Report

On

Automatic Drain Cleaner

Introduction:

Cleaning of drains/gutters has always been a problem. Labors cleaning gutters & drain seems unethical and also leads to a high risk of them catching infections or poisoning due to large amounts of waste/chemicals in them. Also throwing of bottles/plastics and other such objects into the gutters lead to narrowing and eventually blockage in gutter flow. This leads to overflow in many cases. So here we provide a fully automated drain gutter cleaning mechanism to tackle these modern day gutter jamming issues. Our system uses an automated gutter/drain cleaning system that lets fluids flow through it but catches large solid waste like bottles & plastic and accumulates it. So gutter cleaners need to just clean these gutter cleaning systems installed at points instead of cleaning entire gutter floors. Our system consists of metal teeth based jaws that wait at the bottom of the mechanism. It is mounted in a frame to hold the system upright in the gutter. The vertical frame bed is used to let liquid flow but catch all solid waste. The mechanism consists of a filter basket on top of it. After particular time intervals the jaw lifts up using a motorized shaft which is connected using a chain to the jaws. It then reaches the top and turns upside down to dump the solid waste. Now after dumping the waste, the motor rotates again to bring the jaw again to the bottom position to collect more waste. The system is a very efficient way to cleaning gutters & drains and also requires very low power since it will only rotate once or twice a day to dump the solid waste

Waste water is defined as the flow of used water from homes, businesses, industries, commercial activities and institutions which are subjected to the treatment plants by a carefully designed and engineered network of pipes. There are large no.of machines used for removing out the wastes from drains.

Material Required:

  • Sprocket Gears

  • Welding Set

  • Cutters

  • grinding wheels

  • Angle 1.5 inch 3 mm 20 feet

  • Chain with special hole ¾ inch pitch

  • Sheet metal

  • Wire 3 mm 3 feet

  • Sheet 3 feet x 3 feet

  • DC Motor

  • Battery

drain cleaner9drain cleanerdrain cleaner 8

Working:

In this project we are using Dc motors to operate the project. Dc motors is being used to rotate sprocket gear which helps in moving the chain mechanism. The metal plates which are being used to clean the wastage materials are attached to the chain by using hooks. So when we give power supply to the DC

Motor through the 12 Volts battery it starts revolving. It helps in moving the sprocket gear as well as the chain mechanism. Hence with the movement of the chain our metal plates starts moving Up and Down. It starts collecting the wastage material on them and through them out to the garbage container which is attached with the metallic stand on the back side. For the blockage of the wastage material we are using a net which will block the wastage material at one pint. After that metal plates will collect the wastage material form the bottom of the structure and will through it out to the garbage cleaner.

ADVANTAGES

  1. Low cost
  2. Reliable
  3. Portable
  4. Flexible
  5. Easy to use- system is very easy to understand

Applications:

  • Used for cleaning the water in canals and rivers.

CONCLUSION:

After all the testing we are successful in representing our idea of the project in practical way. The project on which we are working, is working with very ease and efficient way. We are able to fetch out the wastage material from the water and be able to collect it in the garbage collector container.

Electrical Projects

Candle based electricty geneartion

Solar water Cooler

Solar water heater

Solar Grass cutter with battery backup

Wireless Power Transmission

Solar based pesticide spray pump system

Android / Bluetooth/ touch screen based device control

Street Light control using Mobile

Electrical distribution control

Power station model

Three phase motor speed control using pwm

Speed breaker based electricity generation

Regenerative Braking system

Electromagnetic Autobraking  system

Wireless eletrical Bell with option of speaking message when no one at home

 

Energy Meter protection system

Variable Frequency device control

Induction motor speed control with PWM and Thyristors

Peltier based temperature control and  monitoring

Solar charger with auto switching  out

Three phase selector without controller

DC motor speed control

Room Light Intensity control without controller

Mobile technology (GSM) based remote monitoring and control of digital Energy meter. Useful for Electricity Department personal for remote meter reading. Also useful to disconnect the power supply to consumer in case of non-payment of electric bill. This is also used to exchange messages like power cut timings with the consumers.

Controlling AC lamp Dimmer through Mobile Phone
Multiple Transformers oil temperature monitoring with automatic circuit breaker operation with SMS based alerts.
A Novel Wireless Self-powered Microcontroller-based Monitoring Circuit for Photovoltaic Panels in Grid-connected Systems .
Wireless Energy Meter reading on hand-help device based on RF Transceiver.
SCADA implementation based on wireless RF technology.
Method of Measuring Power Quality and Development of Monitor Device .
Motor speed monitoring and control system using GSM modem.
A Smart Card Based Prepaid Electricity System. – 1800
High voltage fuse blown indicator with Voice based announcement system. 2000
Voice enabled devices switching for visually impaired.
Industrial/power grid electrical parameter Data Acquisition system through wireless technology.
DC Motors speed synchronization for rolling mills.
Touch Screen based digital devices control system. This project is to build a Graphical LCD Touch Screen interface for switching electrical devices. The controlled devices can be of high voltage or low voltage.
Construction of central control unit for Irrigation water pumps.  Cost effective method to control entire villagers water pumps with user level authentication. Illiterates friendly system.
Wireless Energy Meter monitoring system with automatic tariff calculation.
Home Network Configuring Scheme for All Electric Appliances Using ZigBee-based Integrated Remote Controller.
Resistive Touch screen controlled contact less speed monitoring and controlling of dc motor with speed limit alerts.
DC Motor Speed and direction control over GSM Mobile/Modem.
Smart Wireless Temperature Data Logger.
Energy meter monitoring and control system using SMS technology.
Energy meter data logging system with Realtime clock and KWH readings. Very useful for historical data logging and analysis.
Energy meter per-day average, Max and Min Load display on Graphical LCD.
MMC/SD card based data logger for energy meter with time and KWH readings for historical data logging and analysis.
PIR based energy conservation system for corporate Computers and lighting system.
Development of Zigbee based Street Light
Wireless power theft monitoring system and indication at local substations.
Touchscreen controlled lamp dimmer for next generation apartments.
Wireless electrical devices monitoring and controlling system for industrial applications.
Microconroller and Touchscreen controlled motor speed and direction controlling system.
Touchscreen operated industrial oil dispensing system (OIL SCADA).
An On-line Monitoring System of Temperature of Conductors and Fittings Based on GSM SMS and Zigbee(-2008).
4-wired resistive touch screen controlled lamp dimmer for next generation apartments with Optical isolation and zero crossing detectors.
Dual (active and standby) Lithium-ion battery charger for continuous non-interrupted power supply to critical loads.
Graphical LCD and Touch Screen based Electrical devices control system.
Implementation of wireless sensors network based industrial temperature monitoring system.
Touchscreen based advanced temperature monitoring and control system with graphical LCD.
GSM based Irrigation Water Pump Controller for Illiterates (No Mobile phone operation knowledge required).
Triac and optically isolated diac based electrical oven temperature monitoring and controlling system with zero-crossing detector.
High power LED based intelligent streetlight controlling system with automatic brightness control with vehicle presence sensor (GSM optional).
Timer based Electrical Oven temperature monitoring and control for Metal Industries.
GSM based SCADA implementation using Microcontroller.
3-phase irrigation water pump controller for illiterates using dual GSM Modems.
Microcontroller based Substation Monitoring and control.
Microcontroller based Generator/Alternator Control and Monitoring System
Electrical Data (voltage, current, frequency etc…) Logger. The purpose of this project is to log electrical data at remote locations like substations. The data is sensed using various electrical sensors and processed by microcontroller. This processed data is stored in a MMC memory stick connected to the microcontroller board. This data can be downloaded to computer for further processing.
Hall Effect sensor based non-contact Tachometer for electrical motors speed measurement.
Microcontroller based Single phasing preventor.
IR Remote controlled Irrigation water pump controller with single phasing protection.
Microcontroller based Solar Tracker with Stepper Motor Control.
Auto-Credit Energy Metering System using mifare card.
PWM based DC Motor Closed loop Speed Controller.
RS485 based SCADA system for longer distance powered devices
Radio Frequency (RF) based Wireless Control Of DC/Stepper Motor Speed Control.
RF based Wireless Electrical Devices Controller.
Motor Speed Monitoring over GSM Mobile.
Microcontroller based refrigeration control system.
Timer based automatic power cutoff for industrial sealing/packaging machines.
Wireless SCADA.
GSM/Mobile/Cell Phone Based Device Monitoring and Control.
GSM Based Automatic Irrigation Water Controller System
Automatic Intelligent Plant Watering System
IR (Infrared) Remote based Stepper Motor Speed and Direction Controller
RC5 IR Based Remote Device Switching
The Robot that follows the (Infrared) Light
Frequency Locked Loop DC Motor speed monitoring and control system.
Digital Tachometer (Non-contact)
Digital Voltage, Current and Frequency Meter.
SCADA system design and construction for real-time electrical parameter monitoring and control.
Transformer oil temperature monitoring with automatic Circuit Breaker operation.
GSM/Mobile/Cell Phone Based Device Monitoring and Control System.
Energy Tapping Identifier Through Wireless Data Acquisition System.
Substation Fuse blown Indicator.
Mobile phone controlled Street Light monitoring and control system.
UPS battery monitoring system over GSM for high availability systems (banking/finance/medical etc).
DTMF mobile phone controlled dam water gates controlling system with high-level protection.
DC Motor Speed and direction control using RF/IR/Zigbee technologies.
Hazardous chemical valve control system with stepper motor and line of site remote control.
Contact less Motor speed monitoring on Graphical display with high and low speed alerts.
Design and construction of Earth fault relay for single phase power system.
RF transceiver (Zigbee/X-Bee) based energy meter monitoring system. (Energy Meter reading on PC over wireless comm.)
Talking energy (KWH) meter.
Sine wave Inverter.
Transformerless Variable Frequency Drive
Solar operated Liquid Vending machine
DC-DC Converter
Green wind energy for rural electrification
AC-AC Converter
Earth Fault relay for 3-phase power system
Programmable current relay for high speed protection.
MPPT Optimal Power Point Tracking system for Solar PV panels.
Password enabled pre-paid liquid/milk dispensing system.
High voltage fuse blown indicator with display on PC with optical isolation between PC and HV bus bars
Solar based air compressor pump for car bike tire inflate
Voice operated Intelligent Fire extinguisher vehicle
An On-line Monitoring System of Transmission Line Conductor De-icing(-2008).

Designing of Haptic Keypad with Magnetic Door Lock system

Wireless Electricity Transfer- In this project we will glow led wirelessly. there will be a transmitter and receiver . project cost Is Rs. 1500

Automatic Meter Reading Rs. 3000 AMR
power Line communication using PLL 

Power Line communication using DTMF 2000

Put coin draw power at railway station

Three phase selector- 2000

GSM Monitoring and control of electricity- 1500

Cellphone controlled Appliances -Rs. 1500

DC motor Speed Control with SCR – 1500

DC mmotor Speed Control using PWM – 1500

DC motor Control using PI controller – Simulation based – 4500

Automatic Meter Reading System Using GSM technology

Transformer overheat protection with Wireless alert

Wire breakage fault detection with Location

Transformer over heat detection

Steam Turbine low cost

Water Turbine

Industrial Plant automation

Star Delta mechanism for Three phase motor

Load measurement with Control

Power factor correction system in Three phase supply

Mobile Irrigation

DC Motor Speed Control Using IGBT

Postpaid Electricity Meter

RF energy Meter

Current Distribution System

Electricity Theft Detection

Electricity Meter tempering detection and indication

AC motor Speed Control 1hp

Mobile Control Electrical Appliances

Password/Smart card access system Automatic

Street Light Control System

RTC based Electrical Distributions system

Current Measurement System Overload detection and control

Transformer Overheat detection

UPS

Stepper Motor Control

Stepper Motor Speed Control with TV remote

TV remote Electrical devices

TV remote DC motor

RF control electrical Appliances

PC Control stepper motor/ DC motor/ Electrical Appliance Machine monitoring and Control

Power Station Model

Powerline Voice and Data Transmission

Power failure Detection and wirless Indication

Three phase Selector

Halogen Lamp based Heater with temperature control

Wireless Electricity Transmission

Mechanical Mobile Charger

Road Energy Utilisation

Vehicle speed breaker based electricity generation

Energy Saver- Counter based Energy Saver- Capacitor Based

Accident detection with prevention using gps and gsm

PROJECT SYNOPSIS

ON

Accident Detection uisng GPS

and

Prevention system with Alcohol Sensing

MAJOR PROJECT

AT

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

IN

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Session 2010-2014

Department of ECE

Submitted To:- Submitted By:-

Er. Mandeep Kaur Mohit Sood

100140413269

Index

S. No.

Topic

Page No.

1

Objective

4

2

Introduction in Brief

4

3

Design of Problem Solution

5

4

Methodology Planning of Work

7

5

Facilities provided for proposed work

12

6

References

13

LIST OF FIGURES

S. No.

Topic

Page No.

1

Figure 1.1 – Block Diagram of Project GPS and GSM Security

5

2

Figure 1.2 – Circuit Diagram of Project GPS and GSM Security

6

OBJECTIVE

  • GPS and GSM modem Study.

  • How can we send data as a SMS

  • 8051 based Project- it’s easy to work on it.

INTRODUCTION:

In this project we will make project using 89s51. In this project we will sense the accident and our system will automatically send SMS of location on our mobile no.Alcohol sensor will be uses for alcohol detection by driver or not. In this project we will use GPS to monitor current location. GSM modem to send SMS. Then sensor on that side will detect the car using Reed sensor. When sensor will get signal from car having magnet, then it will give signal to microcontroller 89s51. Microcontroller will display that station LCD connected with it. So wherever our robotic car will go our sensor will read it and Display ON . We will use 16*2 LCD for this purpose. We will connect REED sensor for car detection. We are using IC89s51 because we studying it in degree. We know about it. We will connect sensors on port 1 and LCD on port0. Register select pin of LCD on p2. 5, READ/WRITE on p2.4, Enable on p2.3. port 0 is open collector port so we will connect 10k register array with it.

We will use GSM modem SIM 300 it will work at 9600 baud rate

We will use GPS receiver GR 87 that works on baud rate 4800

Both will be connected serially with Microcontroller. Microcontroller is connected from serial port with MAX 232. And Max232 is connected with Both Module – GSM and GPS. There will LCD 16×2 which will show Latitude and longitude Coordinates. When any interrupt at pin 21 of Micornctroller then our system will send coordinates by message to particular saved no.

DESIGN OF PROBLEM SOLUTION

LCD Display

 

Micro

Controller

Circuit

89s51

16*2 LCD

5 v dc circuit

and

9v supply

 

GSM

and GPS

Modems

 

Reed SWITCH

for

Accident Detection

 

antenna

Alcohol SENSORs

gps gsm security ciruit

 

MANUAL GPS 

inno_gps

CODING FILE DOWNLOAD

GPG_with_GSM

lcd_re

modem

Figure 1.1 – Block Diagram of Project GPS and GSM Security

Figure 1.2 – Circuit Diagram of Project GPS and GSM Security

METHODOLOGY AND PLANNING OF WORK

In this project methodology is we are using AT commands. We will use AT commands to send and receive messages. GPS give 32 character message which we will save in some array. And will transmit on particular saved

Work

Time Required

Study Material

All data Collected

Components

Ordered to local vendor in Ludhiana

Testing & mounting Components

Two Weeks Required

Final Troubleshooting

Two Weeks Required

Report

Two Weeks Required

WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF THE MICROCONTROLLERS.

 

Look around. Notice the smart “intelligent” systems? Be it the T.V, washing machines, video games, telephones, automobiles, aero planes, power systems, or any application having a LED or a LCD as a user interface, the control is likely to be in the hands of a micro controller!

Measure and control, that’s where the micro controller is at its best.

Micro controllers are here to stay. Going by the current trend, it is obvious that micro controllers will be playing bigger and bigger roles in the different activities of our lives.

So where does this scenario leave us? Think about it……

The world of Micro controllers

What is the primary difference between a microprocessor and a micro controller? Unlike the microprocessor, the micro controller can be considered to be a true “Computer on a chip”.

In addition to the various features like the ALU, PC, SP and registers found on a microprocessor, the micro controller also incorporates features like the ROM, RAM, Ports, timers, clock circuits, counters, reset functions etc.

While the microprocessor is more a general-purpose device, used for read, write and calculations on data, the micro controller, in addition to the above functions also controls the environment.

We have used a whole lot of technical terms already! Don’t get worried about the meanings at this point. We shall understand these terms as we proceed further

For now just be aware of the fact, that all these terms literally mean what they say.

Bits and Bytes

Before starting on the 8051, here is a quick run through on the bits and bytes. The basic unit of data for a computer is a bit. Four bits make a nibble. Eight bits or two nibbles make a byte. Sixteen bits or four nibbles or two bytes make a word.

1024 bytes make a kilobyte or 1KB, and 1024 KB make a Mega Byte or 1MB.

Thus when we talk of an 8-bit register, we mean the register is capable of holding data of 8 bits only.

The 8051

The 8051 developed and launched in the early 80`s, is one of the most popular micro controller in use today. It has a reasonably large amount of built in ROM and RAM. In addition it has the ability to access external memory.

The generic term `8×51` is used to define the device. The value of x defining the kind of ROM, i.e. x=0, indicates none, x=3, indicates mask ROM, x=7, indicates EPROM and x=9 indicates EEPROM or Flash.

A note on ROM

The early 8051, namely the 8031 was designed without any ROM. This device could run only with external memory connected to it. Subsequent developments lead to the development of the PROM or the programmable ROM. This type had the disadvantage of being highly unreliable.

The next in line, was the EPROM or Erasable Programmable ROM. These devices used ultraviolet light erasable memory cells. Thus a program could be loaded, tested and erased using ultra violet rays. A new program could then be loaded again.

An improved EPROM was the EEPROM or the electrically erasable PROM. This does not require ultra violet rays, and memory can be cleared using circuits within the chip itself.

Finally there is the FLASH, which is an improvement over the EEPROM. While the terms EEPROM and flash are sometimes used interchangeably, the difference lies in the fact that flash erases the complete memory at one stroke, and not act on the individual cells. This results in reducing the time for erasure.

Understanding the basic features of the 8051 core

Let’s now move on to a practical example. We shall work on a simple practical application and using the example as a base, shall explore the various features of the 8051 microcontroller.

Consider an electric circuit as follows,

 


The positive side (+ve) of the battery is connected to one side of a switch. The other side of the switch is connected to a bulb or LED (Light Emitting Diode). The bulb is then connected to a resistor, and the other end of the resistor is connected to the negative (-ve) side of the battery.

When the switch is closed or ‘switched on’ the bulb glows. When the switch is open or ‘switched off’ the bulb goes off

If you are instructed to put the switch on and off every 30 seconds, how would you do it? Obviously you would keep looking at your watch and every time the second hand crosses 30 seconds you would keep turning the switch on and off.

Imagine if you had to do this action consistently for a full day. Do you think you would be able to do it? Now if you had to do this for a month, a year??

No way, you would say!

The next step would be, then to make it automatic. This is where we use the Microcontroller.

But if the action has to take place every 30 seconds, how will the microcontroller keep track of time?

Execution time

Look at the following instruction,
clr p1.0

FUTURE SCOPE

  • In this project we will use GPS and GSM for vehicle location identity. We can use GPS system for other applications also. We can also use for child security and person Identity .

FACILITIES REQUIRED FOR PROPOSED WORK

  • MCU 89S52

  • Crystal 111.0592 MHz- 1 nos.

  • On/off Switch- 1 nos.

  • Diodes IN 4001- 10 nos.

  • Optocoupler 817- 2nos.

  • Cap 10µf,0.1 µf,330µf

  • Transistors -547or 548

  • Resistances 330 Ω,8.2kΩ,30pf

  • LED

  • IC7805 voltage Regulator

  • Motors dc

  • Infrared sensors set

  • Copper Clad board

  • Ply board

  • Ferric Chloride

  • Wires

  • Soldering iron

  • Soldering wire

  • Flux

  • Universal Programmer

Software Required

  • UMPS

  • ORCAD

  • SPROG-VX

REFERENCES:

www.ips123.in

www.ludhianaprojects.com/rpm.doc

http://www.kmitl.ac.th/~kswichit%20/#8051

http://www.bobblick.com/techref/projects/hbridge/hbridge.html

DATASHEETS :

www.atmel.com

www.alldatsheets.com

mechanical software electrical electronics projects mumbai goregaon

Mechanical Projects in mumbai

shop 23, goregaon , mumbai 400063

mechanical projects goregaon

electronics projects goregaon

electrical projects goregaon

software projects goregaon

KITS available